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Media assets. How is EY preparing for the next wave of transformation? Logo Join the conversation. Share your views. The team. Show more Show less. Content List - News and Press Releases. Content List - Contacts. All Rights Reserved. ED MMYY This material has been prepared for general informational purposes only and is not intended to be relied upon as accounting, tax, or other professional advice. The approach of developed countries for circular economy in the textile industry need a greater awareness of what occurs on other countries involved in the global textile chain Zonatti, On the other hand, the current situation of many textile producers in developing countries, including Brazil, is still far from the ideal circular economy-related, and there are still serious additional problems related to chemical and biological safety of textile waste disposal.

In addition, academic and scientific literature related to development of textile recycling are rare, since this problem is related to developing or underdeveloped countries, where the largest textile industries are situated, in which, due to lack of environmental awareness, social inequality and economic limitation research on this theme are not performed Zonatti, The reuse and recycling of textile waste go far beyond the environmental and social benefits, as a factor of differentiation in the market, competitiveness, increased efficiency, economy, and above all, to avoid liens for the textile and clothing industry, through a compulsory regulation.

Brazil is one of the major suppliers of raw materials, such as water, minerals, wood and non-renewable fuels, resources whose use in the circular economy has as ideal to reduce dramatically. The circular economy wave to a promising technological development, innovation and competitiveness gains, through increasingly contemporary innovation aims to improve the use of resources and reduce dependence on primary products of the economic system. By reusing existing materials, companies can avoid the costs problems of acquisition of raw materials.

Energy Production & Changing Energy Sources

In the textile industry case, the circular economy brings opportunities that involved the whole production chain, i. To achieve the circular economy production model, the textile industry needs innovative strategies to strengthen the relationship between client-manufacturer and perpetuate positive experiences with the consumers to overcome the challenge of creating returning systems for post-industrial and post-consumption textile waste, taking in account the geographical specificities, tax and the logistics of the Brazilian reality. To persuade a systemic change in the current model of textile production it is necessary to generate solid connections, educate, and involve the society to build a joint vision of sustainable and creative economy with financial, social and environmental purpose.

The processes and methodologies of recovery and recycling of textile waste are consolidated and in constant technological evolution. Many companies seize the opportunity to competitive advantage in this segment despite any tax incentives granted, and although shy, the Brazilian initiatives, shows that, the country is on the right path of industrial sustainability, following a beneficial and essential trend for society as a whole.

Abramovay, R. Rio de Janeiro: FGV. Lixo Zero. Processo produtivo. Aguiar, P. Manual de Engenharia Textil. Lisboa : Ed. Barbosa, M.

Barbosa, V. Quanto lixo os brasileiros geram por dia em cada estado. Revista Exame. Downloads de programas. Caldas, D. Rio de Janeiro: Senac. Castro, A. Cobra, M. Marketing e moda. Ellen MacArthur Foundation. Towards the circular economy - economic and business rationale for an accelerated transition Vol. United Kingdom: Cowes. Ferreira, R. O banho da Lorenzetti. Frias, M. Ghisellini, P. A review on circular economy: the expected transition to a balanced interplay of environmental and economic systems.

Journal of Cleaner Production , , Halimi, M.

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Cotton waste recycling: Quantitative and qualitative assessment. Resources, Conservation and Recycling , 52 5 , Heilberg, R. Retrieved in , August 7, from www.

Lovins, L. Rethinking production. In The Worldwatch Institute. State of the World: innovations for a sustainable economy Chap.

China imports zero crude oil from U.S. due to continued trade tensions: WSJ

Washington: The Worldwatch Institute. Muhammad, I. German textile recycling benchmarking. Em o Brasil importou ,5 mil toneladas de lixo. O Povo. Empresa Retalhar. O mercado de brindes. Siebje, K. Projeto retalho fashion. Stahel, W. The performance economy Vol. London: Palgrave Macmillan. Textile fibers. Wang, Y. Recycling in textiles. Cambridge: CRC Press.

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The waste and resources action program. Strategic loop. Wolft, D. Textiles: back in the mainstream. Zonatti, W. Sustentabilidade em Debate , 6 3 , This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. These are then sold on to manufacturers of plastic components before being bought by the actual consumer.

Figure 3 shows a plant producing chemicals which it then immediately uses to manufacture other chemicals. Figure 3 Many companies use some of their chemical products as intermediates in their own manufacturing processes. There are often clusters of processes which use the output of one as the input to another. This site, at Billingham in the north-east of England, is a good example of such an integrated chemical plant. All the plants are also interconnected by steam pipes to make the most efficient use of energy released during manufacturing processes.

Ammonia is made from natural gas which is imported by pipeline from the North Sea. Some ammonia is used to make nitric acid. Ammonia and nitric acid are used to make the fertilizer, ammonium nitrate. Ammonia is also converted into hydrogen cyanide. Hydrogen cyanide is used in the process to make methyl 2-methylpropenoate , a key monomer for the manufacture of various acrylic polymers. The tank farm stores imported reactants and products prior to export.

The production of chemicals from petroleum and increasingly from coal and biomass has seen many technological changes and the development of very large production sites throughout the world. The hydrocarbons in crude oil and gas, which are mainly straight chain alkanes, are first separated using their differences in boiling point, as is described in the unit Distillation. They are then converted to hydrocarbons that are more useful to the chemical industry, such as branched chain alkanes, alkenes and aromatic hydrocarbons. These processes are described in the unit, Cracking and related refinery processes.